Global Cities and tourism

SHORT-STAYS-MULTIPLICATION-IS-A-FACTOR

Short stays multiplication is a factor

TOURISM AS AN URBAN FUNCTION

Tourism as an urban function

MILLIONS OF VISITORS PER YEAR

Millions of visitors per year

ACCESSIBILITY IS A CONTRIBUTOR

Accessibility is a contributor

SPECIAL-TOURIST-AREAS

Special tourist areas

Most popular Global Cities in terms of tourism

BANGKOK

After London in 2011, Bangkok is now the most touristic city in the world. A melting pot of cultures and nationalities, the Thai capital attracts nearly 16 million tourists every year.

LONDON

London is now the second most visited city in the world, and the first in Europe, but also one of the most expensive cities. It attracts 15.8 million tourists per year.

PARIS

Eiffel Tower, Notre Dame Cathedral, Pompidou Center, Louvre Museum, and other tourist places make Paris one of the most touristic cities in the world with 14 million visitors a year.

SINGAPORE

Low crime rates, understandable language, a very good public transport network and great respect for the environment make Singapore the 4th most visited city in the world.

NEW YORK

New York has nearly 12 million tourists. It is a very attractive city with many symbolic spots known around the world such as the Empire State Building, Central Park and the Statue of Liberty.

ISTANBUL

Named European Capital of Culture, Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey. Located between Asia and Europe, it receives 10.3 million visitors each year and this figure increases year by year.

DUBAI

With 11% growth, tourism in Dubai is booming. The city aims to become the world capital of tourism in the coming years. Dubai is also the “shopping capital of the Middle East”.

More sought after Global Cities

Kuala Lumpur

Moscow

Hong Kong

Berlin

Amsterdam

Barcelona

Staying in a Global City

The best way to discover and explore a big city is by staying in an apartment and immersing yourself in local life. A holiday apartment is both the starting point for walks to discover the city and a base for a break from time to time. You can easily rent an apartment online and for-sale.com is a good example for you to understand how holiday accommodations work.

Global City : more than a term!

Urban hierarchy

Urban hierarchy
Command functions

Popularized by the American sociologist and economist Saskia Sassen in the form of global cities (1991), the term refers to the metropolises situated at the top of the urban hierarchy on a global scale. Capable of commanding the global economy, they are the places where the central powers of world economy are located.

Evolving criteria

Evolving criteria
Globalization is key!

Geographers and economists multiplied the criteria and rankings to establish a list of global cities, and the expression no longer designates an absolute definition but rather a degree of globalization, based mainly on economic criteria. Anne Bretagnolle has compiled a list of these rankings to identify the most frequently mentioned cities.

Evolving definition

Evolving definition
Increasing number

According to S. Sassen’s criteria, there were only three global cities on an international scale: Tokyo, London and New York. The other major world cities would be “global” only at regional scales. This classification of Global cities,  meaning “strategic sites” has largely evolved since the rise of major cities in emerging countries.

Demographic, cultural, economic and political power

“World Megalopolitan Archipelago”

This denomination refers to specific attributes that only certain large agglomerations possess. These global cities are at the top of a global urban network and contribute to the world order.

A demographic and cultural importance

The first defining characteristic of a world city, or global city, is the fact that it constitutes a multimillion population agglomeration. The peculiarity of this population is to be multiethnic.

A center of economic activities and power

A Global City and its agglomeration can constitute a center of economic power embodied by the stock market but also by the business districts usually present in such power centers.